Makabusi Sprite (Pseudagrion makabusiense)

View the above photo record (by Desire Darling) in OdonataMAP here.

Find the Makabusi Sprite in the FBIS database (Freshwater Biodiversity Information System) here.

Family Coenagrionidae

Pseudagrion makabusienseMAKABUSI SPRITE


Small size

Length reaches 36mm; Wingspan up to 41mm.

Unmistakeable and unlike any other damselfly in the region.

The mauve colouration on the terminal segments, postocular spots and on the face is diagnostic.

Females are yellowish to pale brown and similar to those of many other sprite species. Best identified by their association with the males.

Click here for more details on identification.

Pseudagrion makabusiense – Male
Photo by Desire Darling


Inhabits streams and rivers in hilly savanna regions. Favours sites with tall grasses, sedge and reeds along the banks.


Perches on grass or reed stems, low down near the water. A rather inconspicuous species.

Most active from September to May (see Phenology below).

Status and Conservation

Common but very localised in South Africa. Listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.


The range of the Makabusi Sprite extends from South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng and North-West provinces), up through Zimbabwe to northern Zambia. Also occurs marginally in southern DRC, eastern Angola and Mozambique.

Below is a map showing the distribution of records for Makabusi Sprite in the OdonataMAP database as at February 2020.

The next map below is an imputed map, produced by an interpolation algorithm, which attempts to generate a full distribution map from the partial information in the map above. This map will be improved by the submission of records to the OdonataMAP section of the Virtual Museum.

Ultimately, we will produce a series of maps for all the odonata species in the region. The current algorithm is a new algorithm. The objective is mainly to produce “smoothed” maps that could go into a field guide for odonata. This basic version of the algorithm (as mapped above) does not make use of “explanatory variables” (e.g. altitude, terrain roughness, presence of freshwater — we will be producing maps that take these variables into account soon). Currently, it only makes use of the OdonataMAP records for the species being mapped, as well as all the other records of all other species. The basic maps are “optimistic” and will generally show ranges to be larger than what they probably are.

These maps use the data in the OdonataMAP section of the Virtual Museum, and also the database assembled by the previous JRS funded project, which was led by Professor Michael Samways and Dr KD Dijkstra.


Dragonfly Atlas: Megan Loftie-Eaton, Ryan Tippett, Rene Navarro & Les Underhill
Dragonfly Atlas: Megan Loftie-Eaton, Ryan Tippett, Rene Navarro & Les Underhill
Megan Loftie-Eaton is our communications, social media and citizen science projects coordinator. Prior to her work for the BDI, she coordinated OdonataMAP, the Atlas of African Odonata. Ryan Tippett is an enthusiastic contributor to Citizen Science and has added many important and interesting records of fauna and flora. He has been a member of the VMU since 2014 and has currently submitted over 11000 records. He is also on the expert identification panel for the OdonataMAP project. Rene Navarro is the genius behind the Virtual Museum. Prof Les Underhill has been Director of the Animal Demography Unit (ADU) at the University of Cape Town since it started in 1991. Although citizen science in biology is Les’s passion, his academic background is in mathematical statistics.