Crambomorphus sinuatus

View the above photo record (by Zenobia van Dyk) in LacewingMAP here.

Crambomorphus sinuatus

(Olivier, 1811)

Identification

Size: Large (Wingspan 110mm)

This magnificent antlion is one of South Africa’s most attractive species.

It is characterized by the long, narrow, sinuate and mottled wings.

Crambomorphus sinuatus – Bushmanskloof, Western Cape
Photo by Zenobia van Dyk
Crambomorphus sinuatus – Bushmanskloof, Western Cape
Photo by Zenobia van Dyk

Larvae: The impressive Larvae of this species are large and black.

Crambomorphus sinuatus – Bushmanskloof, Western Cape
Photo by Zenobia van Dyk

Habitat

Crambomorphus sinuatus inhabits the open, arid shrublands of the Karoo and Namaqualand. Occurs in both the Nama-Karoo and Succulent Karoo biomes.

Habitat – Near Carnarvon, Northern Cape
Photo by Ryan Tippett

Behaviour

Adults are nocturnal and spend the day resting among tall grass. The folded wings provide it with excellent camouflage while resting up during the day. They are occasionally attracted to light.

Adults are on the wing from December to March.

The larvae live freely in sand, and are voracious predators.

Crambomorphus sinuatus – Near Williston, Northern Cape
Photo by Ryan Tippett

Status and Distribution

Crambomorphus sinuatus is endemic to South Africa and occurs in the Northern and Western Cape provinces. It is uncommon and seldom encountered. 

Distribution of Crambomorphus sinuatus. Taken from the LacewingMAP database, July 2022.

Taxonomy:

Order: Neuroptera Family: Myrmeleontidae Subfamily: Palparinae Tribe: Palparini Genus: Crambomorphus Species:  sinuatus

Crambomorphus sinuatusNear Williston, Northern Cape
Photo by Ryan Tippett

Further Resources

Virtual Museum (LacewingMAP > Search VM > By Scientific or Common Name)

Acknowledgements:

The use of photographs by Zenobia van Dyk is acknowledged. This species text has benefited enormously from comments made by Mervyn Mansell on records he has identified in LacewingMAP. We acknowledge his important contribution.

Recommended citation format for this species text:

Tippett RM 2022. Crambomorphus sinuatus. Biodiversity and Development Institute, Cape Town.
Available online at http://thebdi.org/2022/08/25/crambomorphus-sinuatus/

Crambomorphus sinuatus – Carnarvon, Northern Cape
Photo by Zenobia van Dyk
Ryan Tippett
Ryan Tippett
Ryan is an enthusiastic contributor to Citizen Science and has added many important and interesting records of fauna and flora. He has been a member of the Virtual Museum since 2014 and has currently submitted over 12,000 records. He is on the expert identification panel for the OdonataMAP project. Ryan is a well-qualified and experienced Field Guide, and Guide Training Instructor. He has spent the last 18 years in the guiding and tourism industries. Ryan loves imparting his passion and knowledge onto others, and it is this that drew him into guide training in particular. Something that he finds incredibly rewarding is seeing how people he's had the privilege of teaching have developed and gone on to greater things. His interests are diverse and include Dragonflies, Birding, Arachnids, Amphibians, wild flowers and succulents, free diving and experiencing big game on foot. With this range of interests, there is always likely be something special just around the corner!